Monthly Archives: February 2013

ICT and Climate Change

Nepal Russia ICT Society does a monthly event called Technology Transfer and this month’s (February 2012) episode was on ICT and climate change. Strange as it sounds (in Nepal), the topic was something that should concern every IT and Non IT People and Professionals.

I almost missed this event and was in dilemma because, i arrived venue before time (actually 1 hour earlier). Dilemma in the sense that I along with my 4 other friends reached Russian Culture Center but neither banners was hung nor the hosts had arrived. The funniest part was that my friends had placed a bet to beat me up if the program doesn’t happen. All thanks to the 33 crores gods and goddess, who saved me and the program started at 05:15 pm.

kiran khanal sirBefore the ICT and Climate Change presentation, there was a short,sweet,quick and informative presentation on “Android Development Overview“, by Kiran khanal, Coordinator, Kantipur City College(KCC). I could only note down few things on my diary. The highlights were :

  1. Android is free open source.
  2. Why Android? – Because transferring application to phone is trivial – can distribute by putting it on the web – Android Market for wider distribution.
  3. Cupcake, Donut, Eclair, Froyo and IceCreamSandwich are the releases of Android Mobile Operating System .
  4. According to a survey in 2012, Android 2.3.3 is the most used Mobile OS among Android family.
  5. discussed shortly about the Android Architecture.
  6. Advantage of Mobile OS -always with user, -typically have Internet access, -typically have GPS enabled, -typically have accelerometer and compass, -most have camera’s and microphones, -many apps are free or low cost
  7. Disadvantage were -limited screen size, -limited battery, -limited processor speed, -limited and sometimes slow network access
  8. Development process for android app including setup, development, debugging and testing, publishing
  9. Apps are built using java and new SDK’s (Software Development Kit)
  10. Requires $25 to publish app in android market.

Some links for references:

ICT and Climate Change
Achyuta Nand MishraMr. Achyuta Nanda Mishra, Assistant Director, Nepal Telecommunications Authority presented a paper on this topic. He indicated the climate change and its relationship with ICT sector. I noted a point that read, ” energy sector is responsible for about (3/4)th of total carbon di oxide emissions. He talked about how ICT positively contributes to climate change by making business more efficient and less polluting, by reducing energy required for productivity in various areas, facilitating monitoring and modelling of climate change, etc.

Negatively too ICT contributes in climate change by releasing Green House Gases (GHG), from 2 to 2.5 percent of GHG is contributed by ICT sector. He explained to us, how mitigating impact can be done by improvement in energy efficiency, increase use of renewal energy,cisco device is also an example of device that helps in resource utilization, reducing travel requirements. He also informed us that Nepal Telecom is bringing forward the concept of resource sharing with other Operators to contribute in climate change positively.

The Master of Ceremony Prakash Neupane conducted the event in which more than 60 representatives of Kathmandu IT institutions and colleges took part in the program. After the presentation the speaker answered various queries raised by the participants and lastly group photo following tea-biscuit session.


My view on Mozilla South Asia Inter-Community Meetup

Since I broke my leg and had to rest for almost a month, the laziness had been eating my mind slowly. So, as soon as i heard that there was a Mozilla Inter -Community meetup on the occasion of Open Data Day, I sprung into action. I told my legs lets go buddy — and indeed it was a fruitful event.
Different Mozilla communities from South Asia like Mozilla India, Mozilla Srilanka, Mozilla Bangladesh, Mozilla Pakistan were in deep community interactions, presentations, Q & A’s, Demo’s too.
I came to know that there were different activities planned as today was Open Data Day 2012. The activities were

  1. Presentation on Open Data
  2. Open Data Hackathon
  3. Mapathon
  4. Wikithon
  5. Localization Sprint
  6. Open Data Stalls
  7. and

  8. Mozilla Public Event

I happen to attend the last event of the day, actually second last (will talk about it later). I was excited to attend this event, not because just THE Mozilla the Web Browser but because of the local community heroes from different countries including Nepal. Yes, I happen to be a big Community fan, “sharing is caring” is what i believe. Heroes are not the one’s who fight villains and save heroines (i used plural here because in community there’s more than one), but the one’s who contribute to the community whether it be technical or non-technical.

There was an interactive session with the Mozilla Community Members which started community introduction. Later “B2G (Firefox OS) apps development” live demo presentation was shown. Pardon my mistakes, but it takes me a while to remember names,so i don’t remember the presenters name (let’s say them HEROES). So the heroes shared a lot to us.
Some key point i understood (see + hear) are :

  • Mozilla has partnered with a Spanish company and for hardware specification with ZTE to avoid complications using Firefox OS
  • You can install Firefox OS Simulator add-on to work on Firefox OS and the shortcut key is SHIFT+F2.
  • to look into the future of web API, you can visit
  • Some more Mozilla products like Mozilla webmaker, X-ray goggles, pop corn maker were also introduced to us
  • I thought pop corn maker was a device to make pop corn — until now, but (jokes apart) i came to know that its a tool to interact with video like never before.
  • Also most importantly about the localization part, i knew that Nepali localization of Firefox OS has been completed, although it’s in development phase we can try it out.

For the unofficial (backstage) Q&A, i asked Mozilla India community friend, about my Queries and he answered my queries with examples, short stories including the gesture and posture too. (jokes apart) i enjoyed the free & frank conversation.

last event
And yeah! how can we forget the Tech Guru’s (LOL intended) Mr. Hempal Shrestha and Mr. Prakash Neupane who kidnapped (not actually) us into a room for another interactive session by saying ” LET’S TAKE A GROUP PICTURE”. Well this was the most interactive session where actually something was written on white board (haha), funny too and moving around one question. Everyone expressed their views (with words and debates too) and the white board was full of points.

Leave No Trail

I bought time for you
Hurry up! kiss me one more time
No one’s here to see
No one here will believe you.

You take my Guitar
I will take your drums
All night we will play the music
Just the way you like it.

Come and go
Leave no trail
Before the sunrise show
We dissolve in the air.

Just Hang In There

Just hang in there
I’ll come for sure
Months have passed
Just left is some years

I got to stand on my feet
To bend my knees
Then ask you out
And I’ll shout-it-out loud.

To make a living
I got to be far from you
I know you are so forgiving
When I come back, I’ll make it up to you.

(This one goes out TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN)
-Spandan Pradhan

How to Optimize Performance in your Hard Disk Drive?

Nothing in the world irritates you more than the unreasonably slow computer while using it. You might put a cool face but I suppose, you sure want to punch your monitor or thrash it against the wall(but please don’t do that). There are many things you can do on your own (no experts needed).

One of those things are Disk Defragmenter.

To run Disk Defragmenter follow these steps:

  1. Click Start button
  2. Click All Programs
  3. Click Accessories
  4. Click System Tools
  5. Click Disc Defragmenter
  6. Now you can choose to Defragment individual volumes

navigate disc defragmenter 1

Using Disk Defragmenter is done in two parts. First you must click Analyze Disk to Analyze and determine the level of fragmentation. Now Disk Defragmenter will ask to defragment the Disk, if that’s what suggested based on current disc usage. You can Click view report to see the detailed report or else move on to second part.
Secondly, Click Defragment to begin the defragmentation.

disc defragementer wizard

To run Disk Defragmenter from command prompt (command line), type defrag followed by volume or drive designator. For example defrag c:

navigate disc defragmenter 2

Disk Defragmenter will then analyze the volume and start defragmenting. If you want to analyze first then use the –a parameter For example defrag c: -a.
If you want to use force deframgmentation , use –f parameter, for example defrag c: -f

Disk Defragmenter is a utility in Microsoft Windows designed to increase access speed by rearranging files stored on a disk. It checks for and corrects fragmentation problem on disks.
On FAT, FAT 32 and NTFS volumes, files, folders, and related disk structures are stored in clusters. Only one file can be written into a particular cluster. The default cluster size for NTFS is 4KB. If the file being written is more than 4KB then , multiple clusters are used. If there are more gaps between clusters,then the disk controller seeks clusters, which reduces read/write time.

I want to be found

Running in circle
east to the west
seeking your soul
I follow your sound

Now m in the crowd
Hearing strange sounds
One of which is you
I breathe and I feel .

May be you will hear me someday
Someday you will come around
May be that someday is today
I want to be found.

(Inspired by August Rush movie)